Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cysts – A Case Report and Review of Literatures
Kuo-Wei Kao, Yi-Chun Hsiao, Thomas Y. Hsueh, Andy C. Huang, Yu-Wei Lai, Allen W. Chiu
Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Taipei City Hospital renai branch
Department of Urology, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan
Introduction: Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cysts are rare, and only 62 cases of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cysts were reported worldwide up to 2012. Herein we report a case of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst excision by retroperitoneoscopic surgery and review of current literatures.
Case presentation: A 59 year-old woman suffered from right flank pain for about two weeks. Enhanced contrast abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed a 4.0 cm isodense nodule between liver and right kidney with small calcification on wall. Retroperitoneoscopic surgery for the excision of right retroperitoneal cystic lesion was performed. Pathology report revealed bronchogenic cyst. Convalescence was uneventful and the regular follow-up was conducted in this patient.
Conclusion: Rretroperitoneal bronchogenic cysts are rare, but it should be thought to a differential diagnosis of retroperitoneal cystic mass. Only 7 cases of retroperitoneoscopic removal of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cysts were reported. Surgical approach should be considered and retroperitoneoscopic surgery is an effective and safe management.